Here you see a picture of the first published, fully preserved Amazon of the type Mattei. It is the only intact authentic terracotta statuette of this type we know of.
The ancient authenticy is confirmed by termo- luminescense analysis.
- fired in antiquity, - 2,500 years ago +/- 20 %.
Until today the archaeo- logists did not find a sculpture, that shows an entirely preserved Ama- zon type Mattei. To understand the con- structionand iconogra- phy of the classic Greek bronze statues, they made a complete recon- struction with help of preserved fragments of Roman marble copies. In the past for instance, they used the head of the Amazon type Sciarra to complete the preserved headless copy of the Amazon type Mattei.The wounded Amazon of Kresilas
The here shown antique
statuette is very important for the knowledge about the Amazons of Ephesus.
Scientifically important is that the terracotta shows us that the Amazon type Mattei is a women warrior holding a bow. Also solved is the controversial and much debated question of the com- petition between the ancient sculptors, which made the three preserved
wounded Amazon types and which one of them has built the best ( See M. Weber, Neues zu den Amazonen von Ephesus, THETIS
15, Verlag Franz Philipp Rutzen, Mannheim 2008 ).